Utilizing photogrammetry and theodolite systems brings many advantages to industry, for example mobility, flexible handling and shortened measuring time. However, the absence of an acceptable "calibration artifact" has hindered the application of these systems.
The KOBA-optima system meets the demands of monitoring these instruments per VDI/VDE guideline 2634 (Acceptance and monitoring of optical 3D-sensor systems). KOBA-optima utilizes the principle of a scale that can be probed optically. A suitable calibration procedure and the necessary calibration structure for the scale were also developed.
The KOBA-optima scale system was tested for applicability to the VDI/VDE guidelines in 2000 using a comprehensive study that involved the PTB (Physicalish- Technische Bundesanstalt) and various manufacturers and users of photogrammetry and theodolite systems. Results of the study verified the Optima scale systems applicability to the VDI/VDE requirements and also that the system fulfills the demand for an optical physical body traceable to the physical value "length."
The 2700mm cylindrical scale body is made of carbon composite material (CFK) and may be separated at the center for transport. The joining ends of the scale body are lapped for consistent, accurate setup. There are six targets located on the neutral fiber of the body; each target has a viewing entry access angle of 130°. The clear glass area of each target has a diameter of 10mm. In the center of each of these clear areas is a site ring used for sighting the theodolite system; each site ring has an internal diameter of 1.25mm surrounded by a hairline of 0.25mm thickness.
Targets that use retro foil as a background guarantee that sufficient light is reflected even if the angle is not favorable for picture taking. Targets that use a white background or background illumination are optionally available.
The KOBA-optima optical scale system provides 15 possible measuring distances per scale with six targets. The combination of measuring distances and scale positioning guarantees a statistically safe measurement. Scales are calibrated on a measuring machine specially modified with a CCD camera to register the targets and with two distance-measuring laser systems for length measurement. The center position of the measuring mark is determined by using an elliptical trace-out program.
Certification is provided by the DKD (German calibration service) or the PTB can carry out calibration of the scale. The Measurement Uncertainty of calibrated values if 5µm which is significantly below that provided by photogrammetry and theodolite systems. As a result, the certifications performed by the KOBA-optima system are suitable as the SI basic unit "length" according to the demands of the VDI/VDE standard.
That patented KOBA-optima optical scale system has been designed to be a standardized artifact, traceable to a national standard. It is suitable as a calibration standard for optical measuring systems, e.g. acceptance and monitoring inspections. It can also be used as a reference standard for traceability of the particular measuring task to the "SI basic unit length" specification as defined by the KOBA-optima optical scale system as a physical body.
The scales can be easily fixed to tripods, on carrying handles on the object to be measured or onto the object itself by means of fastening clips.
Applicable SIC Codes: 3423, 3545, 5049, 5084 Applicable NAICS Codes: 332212, 333515, 423490, 423830